To print it, use the one-page PDF version; you can also customize the Word version of the document. Keep the write-up as short and simple as possible to achieve the objectives.
Yet because the spell checker takes care of all the other words you may misspell, learning to use these few words correctly is surely not much of a burden, and is crucial for convincing your readers that you are competent and trustworthy.
Avoid "comprise" Apparently the word " comprise " has now been used incorrectly so many times to mean " compose " that this usage is now becoming acceptable. But it is much safer simply to avoid "comprise" altogether, as anyone who does know what it started out meaning will be annoyed when you use it to mean "compose".
If you take a grammatically correct sentence containing "but" and replace it with "however", or vice versa, the result will almost always be incorrect, Tips on technical writing because of comma punctuation.
However, I do not like tangerines.
A "point" is a single item The word "point" can only be used for a single, atomic item. Thus it is not appropriate to discuss a "sub-point", "part of a point", the "first half" of a point, etc.
Instead use "topic" or "section", etc.
Use "a study" or just "research", never "a research". Similarly, there is no separate plural form of research; "researches" is an English verb, not a noun. Avoid capitalization When in doubt, use lower case. Capitalization is appropriate only for specific, named, individual items or people.
For example, capitalize school subjects only when you are referring to a specific course at a specific school: Department of Computer Sciences vs. When in doubt, use lower case.
Avoid contractions Contractions are appropriate only for conversational use and for informal writing, never for technical or formal writing.
Hyphenate phrases only when otherwise ambiguous In English phrases groups of several words forming a unithyphens are used to group pairs of words when the meaning might otherwise be ambiguous. That is, they act like the parentheses in a mathematical expression. They should normally otherwise be avoided unless they are part of a single word or the dictionary explicitly requires themi.
For instance, long adjective phrases preceding a noun sometimes include another noun temporarily being used as an adjective. Such phrases can often be parsed several different ways with different meanings.
For example, the phrase "English language learners" as written means "language learners from England", because, by default, "language" modifies "learners", and "English" modifies "language learners". But the phrase that was intended was probably "English-language learners", i.
Note that there would never be a hyphen if the same phrase were used after the noun it modifies, because in that case there would be absolutely no chance of ambiguity: Note that hyphens are used only in adjective phrases; they are not needed after an adverb and are therefore incorrect.
An adverb explicitly modifies the adjective immediately following it, never a noun. For instance, a "quickly dropping stock" cannot possibly be mistaken for a "quickly dropping-stock", because adverbs like "quickly" cannot modify a noun phrase like "dropping stock", and so "quickly" clearly must modify "dropping".
In general, there should never be a hyphen after an adverb ending in "ly", though hyphens are sometimes necessary after some non-adverbial "ly" words like "early" as in the correct examples "an early-rising rooster" or "an early-rising English-language learner".
You may want to search through your finished document for "ly-"; nearly all examples of those three characters in a row will be mistakes.
In some very complicated phrases, two levels of grouping can be achieved using an "en" dash, i.
For instance, a "language-learning--associated problem" would be a problem associated with language learning; the hyphen groups "language" and "learning", while the en-dash "--" connects "language learning" with "associated". Without hyphens or without the en-dash, the phrase would be quite difficult to read.
But in such cases it is often clearer just to reword the sentence to avoid the ambiguity, as in "a problem associated with language learning".
In cases where the word grouping is quite obvious because the pair of words are so often used together, the hyphen can be omitted even when it would strictly be required to avoid ambiguity. For instance "chocolate chip cookies" is unlikely to be misread as "chocolate chip-cookies", despite that being the literal interpretation, and so the hyphen can usually be omitted from "chocolate-chip cookies".
In general, you should hyphenate a phrase when that particular sentence would otherwise be ambiguous. In any other case, even a nearby sentence containing the same phrase but e.
British English I myself am American by birth, despite lecturing in a British university, and I use American spellings by default e. Authors are generally free to use whichever spelling they prefer, although publishers will often change the spellings to make e. Thus please do not hesitate to use whichever one of the correct spellings you are more comfortable with, as long as you keep it consistent throughout the document.
Academic writing includes texts like original research papers, research proposals, and literature reviews, whether published or not.Technical Writing Tips for IT Professionals This cheat sheet offers guidelines for IT professionals seeking to improve technical writing skills.
To print it, use the one-page PDF version; you can also customize the Word version of the document. Possessive apostrophes cause more problems than any other punctuation mark. Learn to use them properly and you'll show your mastery of written English. Technical writing is often thought of as a way to communicate complex information in a simple, easy-to-understand, no-frills manner.
This does not have to be just for scientific journals.
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Template of the Day. Creative writing tips and tricks for beginners. Creative writing. Easy, but difficult at the same time.
So how do we make it easier? How do we make it fun? Technical writing is a type of writing where the author writes about a particular subject that requires explanation, simplification, and instruction.