The practice of selling identical products in different markets for different prices. Dumping Selling goods or merchandise in another country at a price below the price at which the same merchandise is sold in the home market or selling such merchandise below the costs incurred in production and shipment. Dumping is an illegal trade practice. Duty A tax imposed on imports by the customs authority of a country.
Mar 15, Failure to understand and respond appropriately to the normative cultural values of patients can have a variety of adverse clinical consequences: To succeed in this challenge, clinicians must keep in mind that variations occur between cultural subgroups just as individuals subscribe to group norms to varying degrees.
In this article we will take a look at Latino culture specifically, keeping in mind that a wealthy Cuban American who has been in the United States for many years will likely have cultural values that are markedly different from a recent immigrant to the US from Mexico.
Flores The term Hispanic was created by the U. It is often considered a somewhat narrow indicator by those who prefer the term Latino. This sense of family belonging is intense High uncertainty avoidance caribbean limited to family and close friends.
People who are not family or close friends are often slow to be given trust. The family model is an extended one; grandparents, aunts, cousins, and even people who are not biologically related may be considered part of the immediate family. The term Latinos use to describe their supreme collective loyalty to extended family is familismo.
Financial support of the family by the individual and vice versa is important and expected. The decisions and behavior of each individual in the extended family are based largely on pleasing the family; decisions are not to be made by the individual without consulting the family.
Failure of the clinician to recognize familismo can potentially lead to conflicts, non-compliance, dissatisfaction with care and poor continuity of care. Familismo can delay important medical decisions because extended family consultation can be time consuming.
A Hierarchical Culture That Values Respecto The term power distance is used in the field of intercultural communications to compare the extent to which less powerful members of a society accept that power is distributed unequally.
When power distance in a society is high, people tend to believe that everyone has their rightful place and they understand that not everyone is treated equally. When power distance is low, people believe that everyone should have equal rights and the opportunity to change their position in society.
In Latin American cultures, people tend to expect status differences between members of a society which is very different from U. Latinos place a high value on demonstrating respecto in interactions with others, which literally translates into respect.
Respecto means that each person is expected to defer to those who are in a position of authority because of age, gender, social position, title, economic status, etc.
Healthcare providers, and doctors especially, are viewed as authority figures. They may nod to demonstrate careful listening and respect when a doctor is talking, rather than agreement about treatment.
Respecto is also expected on a reciprocal basis by Latinos when dealing with healthcare professionals. This is especially the case when a young doctor is treating an older Latino patient.
This is especially true with older Latinos.
Americans are recognized the world over as being highly informal. We jump to a first name basis with strangers almost immediately, signaling a collapse of status differences by doing so. Good intentions aside, people from many traditional cultures will not appreciate this informality.
It will make them uncomfortable and may even be seen as rude behavior in certain situations. Hierarchy in Latino Families Latino families are often stratified based on age and sex. Generational hierarchy is expected — grandparent, child, grandchild.
The oldest male direct relative holds the greatest power in most families and may make health decisions for others in the family. Latino men traditionally follow the ideal of machismo. They are expected to be providers who maintain the integrity of the family unit and uphold the honor of family members.
Many Latino females, at least publically, are expected to manifest respect and even submission to their husbands, though this compliance varies by individual and is affected by acculturation in the U.
Women follow the ideal of marianismo which refers to the high value Latino women place on being dedicated, loving and supportive wives and mothers.Words: Descriptions: Glossary of Export Import Trade Terms Starting with-A AB: Appellate Body: Absolute Advantage(AB-AD) An absolute advantage exists in condition of when a nation or other economic region of any country is able to produce a good or service more efficiently than a second (other) nation or its region.
Thanks for your kind comments. I will happily notify you if I generate another list of verbs. With member countries, staff from more than countries, and offices in over locations, the World Bank Group is a unique global partnership: five institutions working for sustainable solutions that reduce poverty and build shared prosperity in developing countries.
As a follow-up to Tuesday’s post about the majority-minority public schools in Oslo, the following brief account reports the latest statistics on the cultural enrichment of schools in Austria.
Vienna is the most fully enriched location, and seems to be in roughly the same situation as Oslo. Many thanks to Hermes for the translation from caninariojana.com News.
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Examples of high uncertainty avoidance countries. Greece; Belgium; Russia; Italy; Korea; Mexico. Low uncertainty avoidance.
Some low uncertainty avoidance characteristics are mentioned below: Few rules, little structure: makes sense, right?
Entrepreneurial: starting your own business is seen as very normal; the same goes for risk taking (no guts, no glory!).